immigration policies of Australia and is the whitlam governemnt mainly responsible for multicultural Australia today?

Essay by lebinvasionHigh School, 10th grade August 2004

download word file, 6 pages 4.6

Year 10 history assessment!

A) Compare and contrast the immigration policies of the commonwealth government for the following two periods:

· 1945 to the 1960's

· 1972 to the 1990's

B) To what extent was the Whitlam government responsible for modern day multicultural Australia?

The immigration policies of the 1945 to the 1960s period and the period between 1972 to the 1990s is similar in some ways and different in others. This is because some policies were changed, some reworded, some new ones introduced and others abolished completely. The old and racist policies were abolished and more accepting policies were introduced. Many of the new policies were introduced because of Gough Whitlam who in many ways was responsible for modern day multicultural Australia. Australia is a classic country for immigration. It is an attractive country for migrants, with its friendly, multi-cultural society, most mild climates and a strong, vibrant economy.

It is no wonder that in the past 20 years Australia has experienced large-scale immigration from a new source of countries, particularly from Asia. Immigration has had a deep effect on the lives of allAustralians and it continues to shape the nation.

One way in which the Australian government initiated an immigration policy was after the end of World War II. The new policy considered that the low population needed to be increased. The initial plan, which "was 70,000 migrants per year and a ratio of ten British migrants to every foreigner", was not able to succeed. This is contrasted in the late 1960s, were the collapse of the White Australia Policy opened the way for non-European migrants, mainly from Asia. By the late 1980s, Asian migrants exceeded the migrants from Europe. The continuous immigration policy built Australia's population steadily. In the past 50 years, over 620 000 refugees and...