Heinrich SChliemann Biography

Essay by slappy_chops August 2004

download word file, 6 pages 5.0

Downloaded 25 times


Heinrich Schliemann was a German archaeologist born January 8th, 1822. He was largely self-educated after leaving the local school at the age of fourteen because of scandalous rumours about his father that disabled him from funding his education. By the end of his life Schliemann was familiar with English, French, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, Swedish, Italian, Greek, Latin, Russian, Arabic and Turkish apart from his native German.

He started his successful career in business on January 30, 1846 in Russia as an Indigo trader. He developed shrewd business skills and earned a fortune in the market. In 1847, at the age of twenty-five, Heinrich opened his own trading firm in St. Petersburg. He continued to prosper and foresaw an early retirement.

He married Katerina Petrovna Lyshina in October 1952. Katerina bore him three children before they divorced in 1868. He later married Sophie Engastromenos (1852-1932), whose likeness was taken during the excavation of Troy.

She is wearing the famous pieces found in the picture. The children he had with Sophie were called Andromache (1871-1962) and Agamemnon (1878-1954).

Schliemann discovered Troy on the hill of Hisarlik by using Homer's Iliad as his source. Schliemann's first excavation campaign of Troy began in 1871 when he dug up the large north-south ditch, and the second campaign began the year after. After finding the treasure, Schliemann illegally exported it from Turkey.

Although Heinrich Schliemann contributed a lot to archaeology, many archaeologists have reproached him, believing that he had destroyed many things of great value during his tremendous excavations, although the backward time and the underdeveloped methods of archaeological research must be taken into consideration.

Whether the extensive diaries and papers of this man will be believed true or not is doubtful, considering the inconsistencies of character shown through his writings, but it is a...