Difference between asexual and sexual

Essay by verunHigh School, 10th grade July 2004

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asexual reproduction is not a "sexual" situation: the

new organism is generated thanks to a somatic (non sexual) and totipotent

(which has kept all its genetic potentialities) cell. The generated

organism is identical to the parental cell: the reproduction proceeding is

named mitosis (one mother cell gives rise to two daughter cells identical to the

mother cell). In such reproduction, genetic recombinations don't take place.

By contrast, sexual reproduction expects two "sexual cells" (parental cells,

father and mother). These specialized cells need to encounter each other to

generate the embryo of the new organism following fecundation or fertilization.

Mitosis and meiosis are the two reproduction proceedings involved.

Genetic recombinations take place. The generated organism is original and

presents new genetic properties.