Capitalism Bring War or Peace?

Essay by neuspeed2College, UndergraduateA, August 2004

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Capitalism is defined as an economic system in which the means of production and distribution are privately or corporately owned and development is proportionate to the accumulation and reinvestment of profits gained in a free market. Most anti-war protestors attribute the capitalist state to war and most social ills in the world. However, capitalism is used as the scapegoat for world problems such as violence, third world poverty, and the depletion of the environment. Nonetheless, the spread of capitalism has great, unrealized potential to help lessen or even perhaps end many ills of the modern world. The capitalist state can not be blamed for war when war between states was a frequent occurrence long before the development of the capitalist state. In Mann's article he defines militarism as "an attitude and a set of institutions which regard war and the preparation for war as a normal and desirable social activity."

In contemporary society, I contend that the definition of militarism needs to be amended. Contemporary capitalist societies regard preparation for war as vital, however, does not regard war itself, as a desirable social activity. Mann contests, that in order to make the world a safer place we need to determine what causes the rise of militarism (his definition). A modern capitalist economic base for a state does little to cause war. Capitalism can never stop ethnic struggles in a multinational state. Nevertheless, I intend to argue that the spread of capitalism will lessen wars among advanced larger wealthy nations.

The principal goal is capitalism is to seek optimum economic efficiency. Capitalism is not a political party. Capitalism does not have any agenda. Capitalism is focused on one thing, accumulating wealth and gaining economic efficiency. Capitalist competition between states does not encourage war. Capitalism has encouraged economic growth through competition...